"Concentration is the secret of
strength." - Ralph Waldo Emerson
Pre-Production | Video Recording | Editing
How to Make a Video
Content Below at a Glance: Video Editing | Good Quotes
Big high definition files need a super micro computer to render then burn video to DVD. I use a Supermicro that has 12 gigabytes ram and two Intel Xeon processors.
1. A good start: Capturing and placing all video recordings of the project on (editing) time-line, in order they were recorded. A next step could be to add quality audio recordings that need to be matched up with poor audio. The clips can then be grouped (locked) with each other to avoid slipping (timing issues) of the sound caused from dragging (moving) clips. Then mute poor audio.
A mistake: Adding quality audio after splitting the matching video because far more time is spent on the process.
When the audience is one minute into watching the video, they should basically know what it is about. This should help them comprehend.
One effective technique during the first 10 seconds is to respect the viewers patience (or impatience). This is done using ideas like "time is money, down to seconds" and "get on with it already." Avoid boredom, esp. at beginning, to get more viewer satisfaction.
2. When editing, most frame shots should be kept to under 9 seconds, to keep video alive. E.g., 7 second clip, cut, no fade or blank space, 9 second clip at different angle, cut, 5 second clip at another angle.
It is ok to extend frame shots to 30 seconds when subject is talking.
3. Smooth transitions between clips:
Continuous action scenes should mostly use no transition type. This is a straight cut (no fades) with zero time between clips. The same thing that works for live sporting events on TV.
Jump cuts should be avoided. This is two clips next to each other that are mostly the same shot. This occurs mostly because the camera angle and zoom has not changed enough.
A cross-fade is overlapping the end of one clip with the beginning of another. This is done by dragging one onto the other in the editing time-line. Cross-fades are good for thoughtful or relaxing scenes. They can also be used in changes of location or time.
Wipe transitions can be used to let viewers know the clips were recorded at different locations.
Non-cross fade-out then in transitions can be used to let viewers know the clips were recorded at different times. Example: Two clips that have a gap of 24 hours between them could have a fade-out, short (in time) blank space, then fade-in.
Matching shapes or movement that have the same location on screen between two clips, then using a long cross-fade is one of the best transition techniques. The camera operator should knowingly record these shapes or movements.
4. When deciding on what clips to show, a good approach is use shots that help achieve the goal of the video.
A good focus, when editing: An average 5th grader should easily understand 95%+ of video.
To mask over bad image shots but still use the recorded sound, high quality photos relevant to the subject will work. Important low quality photos can be used but at a minimal show time.
5. Things that help answer who, what, when and where: A big title slide at beginning stating name of the video, maps, and words at bottom of clips that answer these questions.
6. Background music can be used to help reduce undesirable sounds in video.
Instrumental (no words) songs can be purchased at Amazon.com for under $1.30. I do a search using keywords of the video's theme + "instrumental" or "background."
Lowering the volume for too long on the time-line, to get rid of bad noises, produces sound choppiness. Popping sounds from the cam and microphones can be reduced in volume using a 3-point skinny (to avoid sound choppiness) carrot edit on the audio time-line. This is adding 3 volume points. One point before the pop at normal volume level, the second at the pop at around 1 ⁄ 3 normal volume, the third after the pop at the same level as the 1st. The skinny carrot can also have a square (2 points) bottom, for longer pops, using 4 volume points all together.
7. Volume needs to be consistent (above and below set levels) as much as possible. Strictness to this work is important to allow more viewer respect. Seasoned veterans in video editing will tell you to keep spoken word volumes higher on average than all other sounds. This is important to establish the video's effective volume setting the viewer makes in the first 15 seconds. A subject's confidence is enhanced when their volume is above average.
Speakers who show a righteous character should always do well above the average volume. Unrighteous characters may need slightly less volume, for viewer friendliness.
Adding volume points after all video edits are completed is efficient.
8. Reviewing the first final edit with a mature person will help. Seeking and finding their points-of-view will help make things easier.
I use about 98% of editing suggestions from others. Sometimes, I do not understand why the edit is needed. I just do it.
"Criticism may not be agreeable, but it is necessary. It fulfills the same function as pain in the human body. It calls attention to an unhealthy state of things." - Winston Churchill
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"If it's a good movie, the sound could go off and the audience would still have a perfectly clear idea of what was going on." - Alfred Hitchcock |
"If a movie is really working, you forget for two hours your Social Security number and where your car is parked. You are having a vicarious experience. You are identifying, in one way or another, with the people on the screen." - Roger Ebert
"The day I made that statement, about inventing the internet, I was tired because I'd been up all night inventing the Camcorder." - Al Gore
"That's what's nice about directing a film and having it done: There's nothing more I can do about it. It's done. That's it. All I can do is let it go and hope that people are kind to it." - Tom Hanks
"Where I think the most work needs to be done is behind the camera, not in front of it." - Denzel Washington
"I look at directing as a sporting event. It's a race, a marathon. It's great when it clicks, which is why I push my crews so hard so we can excel." - Michael Bay
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